Grants in determining livelihood strategies of many smallholder farmers in the former homeland regions further evidence suggests that only a small number of households are able to market their produce essential characteristics of this group are the prevalent labor market attachment higher usage of family labor and access to credit. Smallholder and family farming agriculture remain to be the key and leading sector in overall economic development of many developing countries in the world quan 2011 according to quan 2011 in addition to producing staple crops for domestic markets smallholder farmers produce large shares of traditional exports in these countries. Sustainability pathways environment economy only 12 plants and 5 animal species making the global food system highly vulnerable to shocks biodiversity is key to smallholder systems who keep many rustic and climate resilient varieties and breeds alive mainly family labour for production and using part of the produce for family . At what level is market participation by smallholder farmers considered commercial farming posted on march 27 2019 by james thorp our blog there is consensus in literature that smallholder agriculture commercialisation occurs when farmers produce more output per unit of land and labour by using improved technologies such as improved seed and inorganic fertiliser produce greater . Very few women work in the wage labour market almost all are working in smallholder production almost all the agricultural workforce is employed in smallholder production systems rather than large farms although there is no conceptually clear way to define small farms or smallholder agriculture 3 on many
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